Go Back

What Is a Sump Pump?

When it comes to protecting the home from water damage and flooding, there’s no substitute for the sump pump. But given the different types of sump pumps, it can be difficult for homeowners to determine what kind they need—or if they need one at all. This article will clarify what sump pumps do, the different kinds, and the advantages of installing them. 

How Sump Pumps Work

pumpSump pumps are devices that efficiently remove excess water from low-lying areas prone to flooding—typically basements or crawl spaces. They usually sit in a small hole called a sump pit or basin. Their convenience comes from the fact that they turn on automatically. When the water level in the sump basin rises, the water triggers a float switch, activating the sump pump. Once activated, the pump’s motor starts running. The collected water is then forced out of the pump through a discharge pipe leading away from the property, preventing potential flooding.

Sump pumps also incorporate check valves in their design to enhance their effectiveness. These check valves are one-way valves positioned on the discharge pipe, ensuring that water pumped out does not flow back into the home. This prevents the pump from repeatedly cycling on and off unnecessarily. By managing water accumulation and directing it away from the home, sump pumps effectively safeguard the home from flooding and water damage.

Different Kinds of Sump Pumps

There are two primary kinds of sump pumps: submersible and pedestal. The submersible sump pump is designed to be fully submerged in the sump pit. These pumps are generally quieter than pedestal pumps, as the motor is enclosed in a waterproof housing. Submersible pumps are often preferred for their efficiency and ability to handle larger volumes of water. On the other hand, a pedestal sump pump has a motor mounted on a pedestal above the pit. The motors of these less expensive pumps aren’t designed to get wet, as they work to pump water from above where the water gathers. Pedestal pumps are known for their durability and ease of maintenance since the motor remains accessible outside the pit.

Another type of sump pump is the battery backup sump pump, designed to provide additional protection in case of power outages or primary pump failure. Battery backup pumps are usually installed alongside the primary sump pump and are activated when needed. They rely on rechargeable batteries to power the pump and ensure continuous operation even during electrical disruptions. Combination sump pumps are an all-in-one solution that includes both a primary and a battery backup sump pump. The ideal type of pump depends on the home’s needs and budget. It’s best to discuss sump pump needs with a plumber who can help homeowners determine the correct pump for the home. 

Advantages of Installing Sump Pumps

saveSump pumps are known for their hands-off use, low maintenance, and simple operation. Their ability to remove excess water from basements or low-lying areas dramatically reduces the likelihood of flooding, preventing damage to foundations, walls, flooring, and valuable belongings and saving homeowners money. For homes with a potential risk for flooding, installing a sump pump is ideal for preventing severe water damage. 

Sump pumps can be powered by electricity or equipped with battery backup systems, ensuring their operation even during power outages or when the primary pump fails. This feature is particularly valuable in areas prone to severe storms, where power disruptions are common. The availability of different types of sump pumps allows homeowners to choose the most suitable option for their specific needs.

About Jim Wagner Plumbing, Inc.

Jim Wagner Plumbing, Inc. is a plumbing, heating, and air conditioning business serving Lombard and the surrounding areas. They provide upfront pricing, emergency services, and fast turnaround times. Call them today for sump pump installation in Lombard, IL